Written by

Sandy Aultman

Pictures by

Andy Fisher

This book is written to serve as an enrichment/review for the Fourth Grade State Science Exam. However, it is additionally appropriate as an enrichment/review for the upper elementary and middle school science curriculum.

Life Science

  • Classification of organisms (Kingdom down to Species)
  • Scientific name of an organism (Genus and Species)
  • Internal anatomy of an ant (Cardiovascular, Nervous and Digestive)
  • External anatomy of an ant
  • Ecosystems (Living and Nonliving)
  • Ecosystem broken down into Community, Populations and Habitat
  • Food chain (Producers, Consumers and Decomposers)
  • First-level and second-level consumers
  • Producers and the effect they have on the environment
  • Metamorphosis
  • Stages of complete metamorphosis
  • Photosynthesis
  • Cellular respiration
  • Plant structure (including the importance of the root system)
  • Characteristics of amphibians
  • Characteristics of invertebrates

Earth Science

  • History of the Soil
  • The formation of soil
  • Soil profile (various horizons)
  • Phases of the Moon
  • Definition of precipitation and the various forms
  • Lack of precipitation (drought) and how it affects the ecosystem
  • The water cycle (precipitation, evaporation and condensation)
  • Weather (explanation of lightning, thunder and why storm clouds appear dark)

Physical Science

  • How force affects motion (inertia, friction)
  • The seven colors of light that make up white light
  • How and why a rainbow forms
  • Static electricity (looking at positive and negative charges)

This book contains pronunciations and definitions of science vocabulary words. The words are printed in bold and can be found in the book's glossary.